- Inside this issue you'll find 100 of the Greatest Events in Church History:
- Titus Destroys Jerusalem (A.D. 70)
When the Roman general sacked the temple, the Jews were forced into a new era—and so were the Christians.
- The Edict of Milan (313)
The agreement shifted Christianity from being an illicit, persecuted sect to being a welcome—and soon dominant—religion of the Roman Empire.
- The First Council of Nicea (325)
At stake in the church's first general council was the simplest,yet most profound, question: Who is Jesus Christ?
- Athanasius Defines the New Testament (367)
His letter is the earliest authoritative statement to fix the New Testament as we know it today.
- Augustine Converts to Christianity (386)
A brilliant, profligate professor of rhetoric became the church's leading theologian for centuries to come.
- Jerome Completes the Vulgate (405)
This Latin translation stood as the preeminent Bible text for centuries—and set the standard for future translators.
- The Council of Chalcedon (451)
If Jesus was truly God, how could he be truly human as well? Leo the Great helped guide a critical council to a clear answer.
- Benedict Writes His Monastic Rule (540)
His flexible, compassionate guidelines for Christian community forever shaped monastic life—and influenced Western society.
- Vladimir Adopts Christianity (988)
The pagan prince of Kievan Rus' embraced a new faith, leading to the Christianization of the Ukrainian, Russian, and Byelorussian peoples.
- The East-West Schism (1054)
Long-standing differences between Western and Eastern Christians finally caused a definitive break, and Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox still remain separate.
- Pope Urban II Launches the First Crusade (1095)
Waves of pilgrims and soldiers embarked for the Holy Land, beginning an era of exploration, conquest, defeat, and folly.
- Thomas Aquinas Concludes His Work on Summa Theologiae (1272)
The massive treatise set forth a theological system so influential it has been declared eternally valid.
- The Great Papal Schism (1378)
When two popes, and later three popes, vied for supremacy, the medieval church entered a dramatic, forty-year crisis of authority.
- Gutenberg Produces the First Printed Bible (1456)
Using his revolutionary invention—printing from movable type—he made the Scriptures potentially accessible to every person.
- Luther Posts the 95 Theses (1517)
An obscure monk invited debate on a pressing church issue—and touched off a history-shattering reform movement.
- The Diet of Worms (1521)
Was the wayward Luther free to dissent? A German council rendered a judgment.
- The Anabaptist Movement Begins (1525)
Hated by Protestants and Catholics alike, these "radical reformers" wanted to not merely reform the church but restore it.
- The Act of Supremacy (1534)
Breaking from Rome, the English Parliament declared King
Henry VIII "the only supreme head on earth of the Church of England."
- John Calvin Publishes Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536)
Either adored or abhorred, the reformer and his teachings live on in his monumental work.
- The Council of Trent Begins (1545)
Responding to the Reformation, the council charted the Catholic church's course for the next 400 years.
- Publication of the King James Bible (1611)
A team of scholars produced an English Bible translation unsurpassed in linguistic beauty and longevity.
- John and Charles Wesley Experience Conversions (1738)
They were ordained ministers and missionaries. Then their hearts were "strangely warmed," and their changed lives gave rise to a worldwide movement.
- The Great Awakening Peaks (1740)
A mighty wave of revival washed across North America, forever altering the religious landscape.
- The Second Vatican Council (1962)
In an epochal council, the Catholic Church undertook its most searching self-examination ever and renewed itself for a modern world.
- Martin Luther King, Jr. Leads the March on Washington (1963)
A Baptist preacher had a dream that guided one of the most profound social movements of our times.
- 75 Other Important Events in Church History
A brief listing of significant dates that also earn a place in the "Christian History 100"
- Titus Destroys Jerusalem (A.D. 70)
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